At the annual meeting of APA in October 2004, securityholders approved changes to the Australian Pipeline Trust (APT) constitution to enable APA to staple securities of another entity to APT units.
Historically APT was a taxpaying public trading trust, with securityholders generally receiving after-tax distributions of income together with periodic returns of capital.
In December 2006, APT Investment Trust (APTIT) was stapled to APT to act as a passthrough trust for tax purposes. A passthrough trust is not required to pay tax on its income and as a result distributions are made pre-tax. Distributions in excess of taxable income resulting from tax timing differences can also be passed through to securityholders as tax deferred income. APTIT is therefore generally able to make higher cash distributions out of the income it receives and also return capital on which tax is deferred until units are sold.
APA believes that the stapled structure allows maximum distribution flexibility to securityholders allowing them to obtain higher cash distributions than would otherwise be the case.
APA’s principal activities relate to the ownership, management and operation of natural gas transmission and distribution assets across Australia.
APA has an interest in approximately 14,000 km of high pressure gas transmission pipelines across mainland Australia, transporting more than half of the natural gas used in Australia annually.
APA operates two gas distribution networks - Envestra and Allgas which service 1.2 million gas consumer connections and 25,000 km of gas mains. APA also owns the Mondarra Gas Storage Facility and the Emu Downs wind farm in Western Australia, the Dandenong LNG Storage Facility in Victoria and is currently constructing the Diamantina Power Station with AGL Energy in Queensland.
APA manages and operates all its gas transmission and distribution assets.
APA has minority interests in the following companies:
- Ethane Pipeline Fund (6.1%) - ASX-listed ethane pipeline company
Energy Infrastructure Investments (19.9%) - unlisted energy infrastructure company
EII2 (20.2%) - unlisted energy infrastructure company
GDI (EII) Pty Ltd (20%) - unlisted energy infrastructure company which owns the Allgas Gas Distribution Network
Sea Gas Pipeline (50%) - unregulated gas pipeline in SA
APA operates and/or maintains the assets of these companies.
APA provides asset management and operational services to the majority of its energy investments and to a number of third parties. Its main customers are Ethane Pipeline Income Fund, Energy Infrastructure Investments, GDI, and the Diamantina Power Station joint venture. Asset management services are provided to these customers under long term contracts.
APA also has a long term agreement to operate Australian Gas Networks (previously known as Envestra Limited) gas distribution assets. APA divested its 33.0% interest in Envestra Limited on 7 August 2014.